+47 66 98 32 90

Well Kill

and Emergency Support

Type in a keyword, phrase, region, service, name, etc.

To conduct a fire and explosion analysis (FEA) to: Assess the Hazer CDP flammable hazards and their potential consequences; Review the safeguards in place; and Identify additional measures to reduce or eliminate risks for hydrogen and synthetic graphite producer

Asset: A commercial demonstration plant (CDP) that uses biogas produced at a waste-water treatment plant as the natural gas feedstock for the proprietary Hazer process that converts methane (in the presence of an iron ore catalyst) into hydrogen and synthetic graphite.

Client challenge

  • Lack of capacity to complete this study in-house
  • No previous experience of conducting this type of study or processes in place
  • Client wanted to rely on a tried and tested process for FEAs

What we did

  • To bring awareness to any safety hazards and influence the necessary control measures, our safety and risk experts provided the client with:
    • Comprehensive FEA modelling for the CDP
    • Analyzed the results to develop recommendations to improve the proposed safety systems/control measures based on the outcomes of the FEA

Our suggestion

We compiled their results, findings, and recommendations of the technical analysis within a detailed engineering report.

Our experts concluded that the loss of containment events at the CDP could result in various safety hazards. Below is a sample of our recommendations provided, designed to mitigate the hazards and impacts identified during the study:

Jim Morrison Jim Morrison
EVP Safety, Risk & Environment
View profile Get in touch

Automatic initiation of ESD
Ensure ESD (isolation and blowdown) is automatically initiated (via the SIS) on confirmed fire/gas detection and the CDP shutdown philosophy is reviewed

Fire and gas detection
Provide fire/gas detection in packaged equipment enclosures (e.g.,compressors/fuel cells). Confirmed fire/gas detection at the enclosures can then be aligned to the system ESD/pressurised hold shutdown levels.

Additional emergency gates
Installation of an emergency gate on the northwest plant boundary to enable escape from the plant in the event that the main access gate or escape routes to the main access gate are impaired.

Muster area >54m away
Assign a designated muster area >54m away from the process area (outside the 4.7kW/m2 thermal radiation isopleth and potential flammable gas cloud range).

Manual alarm call points
Provide manual alarm call points throughout the site to allow site personnel to initiate ESD

Review gas detection arrangements
Review the Hazer CDP gas detection arrangements to ensure an appropriate combination of catalytic bead (pellistor) type and ultrasonic detectors are provided. Relatively novel ‘thin-film’ hydrogen gas sensors should also be investigated.

Value we brought

Clarity of risks

Provided the client with clarity on the fire and explosion risks involved with the operation of the CD

Insight into all possible consequence

Defined the potential consequences of the fire and explosion events in terms of impact to personnel, escalation potential and impact to adjacent infrastructure

Actionable insights designed to mitigate risk

Offered clear recommendations of the ways to improve the safeguards and controls for the CDP

Expert opinion and assurance

Provided independent third-party analysis and advice for mitigating risk within 2 months

Project sanction

This study, and the subsequent actions were fundamental for assuring the project was sanctioned and all safety assurance measures had been identified